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Functional Capacity Evaluation

Functional Capacity Evaluation

A functional capacity evaluation (FCE) is set of tests, practices and observations that are combined to determine the ability of the evaluated to function in a variety of circumstances, most often employment, in an objective manner. Physicians change diagnoses based on FCEs.[1] They are also required by insurers in when an insured person applies for disability payments or a disability pension in the case of permanent disability.

Purpose of FCE

An FCE can be used to determine fitness to work following an extended period of medical leave. If an employee is unable to return to work, the FCE provides information on prognosis, and occupational rehabilitation measures that may be possible. An FCE can also be used to help identify changes to employee workload, or modifications to working conditions such as ergonomic measures, that the employer may be able to undertake in an effort to accommodate an employee with a disability or medical condition. FCEs are needed to determine if an employee is able to resume working in a capacity “commensurate with his or her skills or abilities”[2] before the disability or medical condition was diagnosed. An FCE involves assessments made by one or more medical doctors. There are two types of FCE used by the United States Social Security Administration: the Mental Functional Capacity Evaluation (MFCE) that measures emotional and mental capacity, and the Physical Functional Capacity Evaluation (PFCE) that measures physical functioning.[2]

Studies have been undertaken to assess the accuracy of FCEs in predicting the longterm outcomes for patients, both in terms of returning to work, and in probability of permanent disability. Questions that have been raised include how to identify medical and societal variables in predicting disability.[3]

FCEs may be required by law for some employers before an employee can return to work, as well as by insurers before insurance payments can be made. FCEs are also used to determine eligibility for disability insurance, or pension eligibility in the event that an employee is permanently unable to return to work. The United States Social Security Administration has its own FCE, called the Assessment of Disability. A newer FCE model is the World Health Organization’s International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health.


This content was originally posted and created elsewhere.

  1. Wind, Haje (October 2009). “Effect of Functional Capacity Evaluation information on the judgment of physicians about physical work ability in the context of disability claims”. Int Arch Occup Environ Health 82 (9): 1087–96. doi:10.1007/s00420-009-0423-8. PMC 2746897. PMID 19458959.
  2. Irmo Marini, Mark Stebnicki, ed. (2008). The Professional Counselor’s Desk Reference. Springer Publishing Company. p. 519. ISBN 9780826115478.
  3. Chen, M.D., Joseph J. (2007). “Functional Capacity Evaluation and Disability”. The Iowa Orthopaedic Journal 27: 121–127. PMC 2150654. Retrieved August 19, 2012.